Not everyone has a green thumb, but that’s not meant to stop you from pursuing gardening. Fresh berries, vegetables, spices, and flowers make a yard brighter and will assist you on a budget to eat healthily. But if you’re a first-time gardener, before you grow up, you need to remember a lot of things. Here are 21 easy tips for starting a backyard garden of your own.
Taylor Rock and Cheryl Waity contributed to this article.
Know what to cultivate
Practical gardening begins with understanding which crops, where you live, are viable. The USDA’s map of the plant hardiness region shows the 11 distinct climate zones determined by the average annual extreme minimum temperature in America. In your field, seed packaging and plant labels will tell you what grows best.
Know where to cultivate
Knowing what you want to grow will allow you to determine where the best location for a garden is in your yard. Some plants, while others prefer shade, including direct sunlight. For this detail, check your plant kit.
Find elevated beds
Being new to gardening, you want to set yourself up for success, and the best way to do that could be a raised garden bed, even though it may require more investment upfront. You can have greater control over the soil in a raised garden bed and more straightforward control of weeds and pests. Desiree Thomson from Gardening Services London said, “I always advise beginner gardeners to build raised beds.” “When it comes to dividing plants according to their needs, they are accommodating. You may grow various sets of plants in raised beds, all clustered into separate patches.
Using kits for seed starters
Using a seed starter kit is a simple, almost assured way of getting your plant to sprout. These single- or multiple-use trays provide ideal conditions for the germination of your seed. When it’s too early to plant outside, this helps you to start the growing process inside and then place it in the field later when it’s warm enough.
Mark all that’s in your garden
It’s a good idea to mark what it is and where you’ve planted it, even though you’ve only planted three different types of seeds, so it is easy to forget.
Don’t plant things too close together, too close together,
Like humans, plants have bubbles of personal space. They need enough room to grow correctly, and unless they’re companion plants, if other crops are too nearby, they can stunt growth and spread disease.
Mix it up, mix it up
You don’t have to limit yourself to only growing herbs or growing vegetables. When it comes to your plants, feel free to mix them up. In your veggie garden, go ahead and plant some herbs. Some plants are natural partners, and they do not always grow the same flower.
Make use of compost
Compost is an organic material that can be applied to your garden to promote your plants’ growth. There can be anything from ashes, lawn trimmings, and fur to eggshells, tea bags, and coffee grounds. It helps preserve moisture, combat pests and disease, and promote healthy bacterial growth by adding these things to your soil. Seeking ways of reusing your waste often decreases your carbon footprint.
Make use of fertilizer.
And if you decide it’s not your thing to compost, you also shouldn’t miss improving the soil. To add nutrients and minerals, fertilizing the land is an important step.
Holding watering specifications in mind
Also, bear in mind how much each plant needs in terms of water quantity and watering frequency while plotting out your garden and then making sure to fit like to like.
Practice rotation of crops
What you plant has a direct influence on the soil around it. Growing the same plant every year in the same location would mean that you are depleting the same nutrients each year. Crop rotation in your garden will help you replenish nutrients in the soil. As their food supply will change location year after year, crop rotation will also hold common pests on their toes. Consider planting some plants and flowers you didn’t know were edible instead of having a basil plant year after year!
source : https://www.backyardboss.net/vegetable-gardening-tips-for-beginner